The 21st Conference of The Parties (COP21) has over. Several countries have returned to their home and hoping to adjust their environment political agenda with the result from previous summit. Still, many African countries are still hoping that all the members who ratified the agreement are fully commited to the common interest.
The results said that all involving countries must be fully commited to reduce the carbon emission. In this COP21, all agreed that the threshold is not higher than 2,7 degree Celcius. Before that, most countries agreed to reduce emission with threshold was not higher than 3,6 degree Celcius. Indonesia has its own commitment. The goverment is still confident to reduce 44 percent carbon emission until 2020 based on previous summit in Copenhagen, Denmark several years ago
Why does the African countries hope for another’s commitment? Some researches said that if the global warming reaches its highest peak beyond the threshold, the African continent will get its impact first. The impact will be severed for them. Until today, Africa is continuing its fight against famine, hunger and severe drought. The food supplies are scarce. Eventually, it may bring the nation into teritorries conflict and civil war.
The experts said that Africa will have its severe drought worse than it have had once. Food supplies will be thinner and its people are getting hard for farming. Many African countries is depending in traditional farming. In Sub-Saharan Africa, more than 95% of agriculture is rain-fed, meaning that it is entirely dependent on the weather. Due to severe drought, most farmers are not able to save the food supply for a long time. If the global warming comes, the burden will be harder for them.
According to Mo Ibrahim Foundation, the harsh global warming will force rural people to move into the big city in massive scale. With the condition like that, they predict that many African big cities will increase in number from 435 million into 1,3 billion people.
The people density will grow another problem, said Intergovernmental on Climate Change. They said that health becomes a major issue. For example, Nairobi is one of Africa’s big city that has been liberated from Malaria for almost a decade. Unfortunately, global warming and massive urbanization may increase a number of disease including Malaria. They said that it is not impossible if Malaria can strike again just like in the past. Among the African countries, only South Africa who doesn’t want to ratify COP21 because they worry it can impact to their economic growth.